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Satan, also known as the Devil, is the king of demons and in Abrahamic religions. In ancient Hebrew scriptures Satan is not a name, but a title, meaning "the Accuser" or "the Adversary". In some Hebrew scriptures "the Satan" is an angel of God who's purpose is to test humanity. In other's he's a fallen angel who is no longer working within God's divine plan.

Satan throughout Various Traditions

Satan In Christianity

Satan as a Fallen Angel:

According to Christian belief, Satan is considered to be a fallen angel that was once the highest of all angels. Satan's actual name is not given in Christian scriptures, but it is often interpreted that Satan's name was "Lucifer," which translates to English as "Light Bearer." Satan, or Lucifer, is considered to have lead a revolt in Heaven along with one third of the angels. According to the "Book of Revelation," the last book in the Christian New Testament, Satan took the form of a great dragon in the battle, but was defeated by another angel, Saint Michael, and then cast down out of Heaven. Many Christians believe that all the demons that exist are Satan and his angels that followed him in his failed revolt, though throughout history and between denominations there have been other explanations for some of the demons.

Satan as the Serpent in the Garden:

It is also widely believed in Christianity that the serpent that tempted Eve in the Garden of Eden is Satan himself, though the texts in the Book of Genesis never state who the serpent actually is. It is thought that Satan wished to cause Adam and Eve to sin as revenge for being cast out of Heaven. He may have also wished for them to sin due to jealousy, because he thought that as an angel, even a fallen one, he was superior to the humans that were God's favorite creation.

Satan as the Exemplar of the Sin of Pride:

In Christianity Satan's chief sin is considered to be pride, because he though he was better than humans, and better than even God, that he would try to overthrow God in Heaven.

Satan in Islam:

Satan is known as Iblis (Arabic word means Devil, Satan), there is two people known as Iblis (First one is Al-Harith, Azazel or Abu-Murra, who refused to prostration for Adam, Second one Samael who whispering to Adam and his wife in the Jannah)

Influences on the Belief in Satan

In Zoroastrainism it is believed that a god of darkness named Angra Maniyu or Ahriman is in eternal struggle with the god of good and light, Ahura Mazda. It is widely believed by scholars that belief in Angra Maniyu influenced Jewish thought concerning Satan after the Jewish people were released from captivity in Babylon by the Zoroastrian Persian Empire.

Tropes

Powers and Abilities

  • Hell lordship

Condition and Status

  • Absolute condition
  • Absolute imortality
  • Multiple names
  • Nigh omniscience

Titles

Satan, being such an important character three of the world's great religions, has accumulated a large list of names and titles.

  • Abaddon in Hebrew or Apollyon in Greek: Meaning "The Destroyer" or "The Doom." This term is a reference to Sheol, the Hebrew realm of the dead. Over time Abaddon and Apollyon became known as a demon ruling over Sheol, which at times can be considered Satan or some other high ranking demon.
  • Abu al-Harith: title of al-Harith means "Father of the Ploughman". It possible because Iblīs is not al-Harith rather his son Azazil or his father Marra; In Arabic default kunya is based off father's name or oldest child.
  • Abu-Marra(h): as status of al-Harith being son of Marra
  • Abu-Murra(h) or Murra(h): An Arabic term used in Islam meaning "Father of the Bitter" or "the Bitter" or "the Bitterness."
  • Al-Abyad: an Arabic term in Islam meaning "the White."
  • Al-Shaitan: an Arabic term used in Islam meaning "Burned by Anger" or "Rebellious and Corrupter."
  • Baal, Bael, Beel, or Bel: meaning "The Lord." This term originated as a title for a multitude of Canaanite deities, must notably Baal-Ḥaddu.
  • The Arch-Devil: an English phrase means "the Cheif Devil"
  • The Archfiend: an English term means "the Cheif Enemy"
  • The Beast: a reference to the first of two beasts described in the Christian Book of Revelation. The first beast is said to have emerged from the abyss. The second beast directs the people of the world to worship the first beast, and is associated with the false prophet, or Anti-Christ.
  • Beelzebub or Baal-Zebub: Meaning "The Lord of the Flies." The term is found in 2 Kings in the Hebrew bible as the name of a patron deity for a Philistine city. Over time the deity became known as a demon, which is sometimes identified as Satan.
  • Belial: Meaning "The Worthless." This term is found in the Hebrew bible as part of the phrase "Sons of Belial." a term used to describe worthless people. Over time the term became associated with Satan.
  • The Devil: A term in Christianity meaning "The Slanderer" or "The Scatterer."
  • The Dragon: A reference to the dragon defeated by the Archangel Michael in the Christian Book of Revelation.
  • The Father A reference for Satan that his being the main demon in Unholy Trinity. Should be noted that Unholy Trinty is a literary work and not related to canon scriptures, even though that heavily affected to religions.
  • The Fiend: A term in English meaning "The Enemy."
  • Iblīs: An Arabic term meaning "the Dispairer." This term is used in Islam to describe Azazel (Satan) after his fall from grace. Best translations are "the One Whom Covers the Truth and Mix it with the Injustice," or "Satan." For more see etymology section in Iblīs page.
  • Lucifer: Meaning "the Light Bearer" or "the Morning Star." This is a reference to the planet Venus, which appears in the east before sunrise. Although the Satan's name never mentioned in canon sources but in some Christian traditions Lucifer was the name of Satan before his fall from grace, his name was Satanael in other accounts.
  • Prince of Darkness: Title used by Mandaeans.
  • Rex Mundi: a term used by Cathars, a dualist medieval religious sect of Southern France that flourished in the 12th century CE and challenged the authority of the Catholic Church. Cathars believed the purpose of humanity was to fight against the Rex Mundi, meaning "the King of the World."
  • The Warlock: a term in English meaning "the Oath-Breaker," although Satan actually magical demon but this title not given to him for that reason; But because he made many people broke their oaths for God.

Moral alignment

  • Omnimalevolent

Trivia

The people who considered Satan and Lucifer same made Satan Prince of Pride and Aamon prince of wrath instead.

Notes

Despite of being called by masculine and feminine names, epithets, or pronouns but actually Satan either male, hermaphrodite, or sexless.

Marra (مَرَّة) is a masculine given name means time, but murra (مُرّة) is feminine adjective means bitter.

Although literally meaning of abu is father but also used for honourification.

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