Myths and Folklore Wiki
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Myths and Folklore Wiki

The Myths and Folklore Wiki is a website for cataloging, studying, and celebrating the various mythological and folkloric traditions that have existed throughout humanity. Our goal is to create a website that serves as an open, easy access, and scholarly resource in the study of mythology and folklore. We plan to fulfill this goal by creating accessible, easy to understand articles on both mythology and folklore that are accurate and credibly sourced. Feel free to jump right in and begin adding material to existing articles or create new ones!

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For those who are new to Myths and Folklore Wiki, you can visit the About Page to read our mission statement, read our welcome words, and read our tips for first time editors!

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If you'd like to browse our content on your own, visit our Mythology Hub to read our intro to mythology and explore our content by category!

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  • You may join one of various Projects working to complete high-quality collections of articles on various cultures' mythology:
Greek-Medusa.png Greek Mythology Project

The Greek Mythology Project is a project dedicated to producing high-quality articles pertaining to Greek myth. If you're interested in Greek mythology, start here! You can also browse Greek mythology articles on the Greek Mythology Category Page!

Futhark mjolnir decal.png Norse Mythology Project

The Norse Mythology Project is a project dedicated to producing high-quality articles pertaining to Norse myth. If you're interested in Norse mythology, start here! You can also browse Norse mythology articles on the Norse Mythology Category Page!

Tutankhamun decal.png Egyptian Mythology Project

The Egyptian Mythology Project is a project dedicated to producing high-quality articles pertaining to Egyptian myth. If you're interested in Egyptian mythology, start here! You can also browse Egyptian mythology articles on the Egyptian Mythology Category Page!

Triple-Spiral-Symbol-heavystroked.svg Celtic Mythology Project

The Celtic Mythology Project is a project dedicated to producing high-quality articles pertaining to Celtic myth. If you're interested in Celtic mythology, start here! You can also browse Celtic mythology articles on the Celtic Mythology Category Page!

Featured Article

The Holy Grail (French: Saint Graal, Breton: Graal Santel, Welsh: Greal Sanctaidd, Cornish: Gral) is a treasure that serves as an important motif in Arthurian literature. Various traditions describe the Holy Grail as a cup, dish, or stone with miraculous powers: providing eternal youth, or sustenance in infinite abundance, often in the custody of the Fisher King. By analogy, any elusive object or goal of great significance may be perceived as a holy grail by those seeking it.

A "grail", wondrous but not explicitly "holy," first appears in Perceval, the Story of the Grail, an unfinished romance by Chrétien de Troyes around 1190: it is a processional salver used to serve at a feast. Chrétien's story attracted many continuators, translators and interpreters in the later 12th and early 13th centuries, including Wolfram von Eschenbach, who makes the grail a great precious stone that fell from the sky. The Grail legend became interwoven with legends of the Holy Chalice. The connection with Joseph of Arimathea and with vessels associated with the Last Supper and crucifixion of Jesus, dates from Robert de Boron's Joseph d'Arimathie (late 12th century) in which Joseph receives the Grail from an apparition of Jesus and sends it with his followers to Great Britain. Building upon this theme, later writers recounted how Joseph used the Grail to catch Christ's blood while interring him and how he founded a line of guardians to keep it safe in Britain. The legend may combine Christian lore with a Celtic myth of a cauldron endowed with special powers.

The word graal, as it is earliest spelled, comes from Old French graal or greal, cognate with Old Occitan grazal and Old Catalan gresal, meaning "a cup or bowl of earth, wood, or metal" (or other various types of vessels in different Occitan dialects). The most commonly accepted etymology derives it from Latin gradalis or gradale via an earlier form, cratalis, a derivative of crater or cratus, which was, in turn, borrowed from Ancient Greek krater (κρᾱτήρ, a large wine-mixing vessel). Alternative suggestions include a derivative of cratis, a name for a type of woven basket that came to refer to a dish, or a derivative of Latin gradus meaning "'by degree', 'by stages', applied to a dish brought to the table in different stages or services during a meal".

In the 15th century, English writer John Hardyng invented a fanciful new etymology for Old French san-graal (or san-gréal), meaning "Holy Grail", by parsing it as sang réal, meaning "royal blood". This etymology was used by some later medieval British writers such as Thomas Malory, and became prominent in the conspiracy theory developed in the book The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail, in which sang real refers to the Jesus bloodline.


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Launched: February 14, 2006
Articles: 2,924
Files: 15,158
Total Edits: 181,213
Users (wiki-wide): 31,081,026

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