Enyo was a Greek Goddess of War and a companion of Ares. She is sometimes identified as the daughter of Zeus and Hera, making her his sister. She is also connected to Eris. Enyo orchestrated the destruction of cities, including Troy. She is the mother of Enyalius by Ares.
Enyo (/ɨˈnaɪoʊ/; Greek: Ἐνυώ) was a goddess of war and destruction in Greek mythology, the companion and lover of the war god Ares. She is also identified as his sister Eris, and daughter of Zeus and Hera, in a role closely resembling that of Eris; with Homer in particular representing the two as the same goddess. She is also accredited as the mother of the war god Enyalius, by Ares. However, the name Enyalius or Enyalios can also be used as a title for Ares himself.
As goddess of war, Enyo is responsible for orchestrating the destruction of cities, often accompanying Ares into battle, and depicted "as supreme in war".During the fall of Troy, Enyo inflicted terror and bloodshed in the war, along with Eris ("Strife"), andPhobos ("Fear") and Deimos ("Dread"), the two sons of Ares. She, Eris, and the two sons of Ares are depicted on Achilles’s shield.
Enyo was involved in the war of the Seven Against Thebes and Dionysus's war with the Indians as well. Enyo so delighted in warfare that she even refused to take sides in the battle between Zeusand the monster Typhon:
The Romans identified Enyo with Bellona, and she also has similarities with the Anatolian goddessMa.
At Thebes and Orchomenos, a festival called Homolôïa, which was celebrated in honour of Zeus, Demeter, Athena and Enyo, was said to have received the surname of Homoloïus from Homoloïs, a priestess of Enyo. A statue of Enyo, made by the sons of Praxiteles, stood in the temple of Ares at
Athens. Among the Graeae in Hesiod there is one called Enyo.
Enyo was also the name of one of the Graeae, three sisters who shared one eye and one tooth among them, along with Deino ("Dread") and Pemphredo ("Alarm").
|Deities in Greek mythology|
|Protogenoi||Khaos • Gaia • Tartaros • Uranus • Erebos • Nyx • Aether • Hemera • Eros • Oceanus • Pontus • Thalassa|
|Titans||Atlas • Cronus • Mnemosyne • Prometheus • Rhea • Tethys • Themis • Metis • Hecate • Eos • Helios • Selene|
|Twelve Olympians||Zeus • Hera • Demeter • Hestia • Poseidon • Ares • Artemis • Apollon • Athena • Hermes • Hephaestus • Aphrodite • Dionysos|
|Daemones||Bia • Dike • Eris • Hebe • Hygieia • Hypnos • Nemesis • Nike • Phobos • Poena • Soteria • Thanatos|