Myths and Folklore Wiki
Myths and Folklore Wiki

Oedipus explains the riddle of the Sphinx

The Boeotians were a peoples of central Greece, to the north of Attica. They were ruled from Thebes and so were also called Thebans.



  1. Cadmus, son of King Agenor of Tyre, brother of Europa and husband of Harmonia (daughter of Aphrodite and Ares), father of Ino/Leucothea and Semele/Thyone, both of whom became goddesses in their own right
  2. Pentheus, maternal grandson of Cadmus (son of Agave)
  3. Polydorus, son of Cadmus


  1. Nycteus, father-in-law of Polydorus, regent for Labdacus
  2. Lycus, brother of Nycteus, regent for Labdacus

Cadmeids (Restored)

Cadmus sows the teeth of the dragon he defeated

  1. Labdacus, son of Polydorus
  2. Laius, son of Labdacus, married to Jocasta, killed by his son
  3. Oedipus, son of Laius and Jocasta, married his mother and then blinded himself in shame, father of Antigone (betrothed to Haemon, son of Creon) and Ismene
  4. Polynices, son of Oedipus and Jocasta, co-ruler with Eteocles
  5. Eteocles, son of Oedipus and Jocasta, co-ruler with Polynices before he killed the former in a war
  6. Creon, brother of Jocasta
  7. Laodamas, son of Eteocles
  8. Thersander, son of Polynices


  1. Peneleos, regent for Tisamenus

Cadmeids (Restored)

  1. Tisamenus, son of Thersander

    Antigone buried the body of Polynices despite a decree from Creon making it illegal to do so (on the punishment of death)

  2. Autesion, son of Tisamenus

Peneleids (Restored)

  1. Damasthicon, grandson of Peneleos (son of Opheltes)
  2. Ptolomaeus, son of Damasthicon
  3. Xanthos, son of Ptolomaeus, killed by King Melanthus of Athens