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Banebdjedet, also called Banebdjed, was a god with four ram heads. He represented the soul (Ba) and the four gods; Atum, Shu, Geb and Usir. His consort was Hatmehit, a fish goddess.

Etymology[]

The words for "ram" and "soul" sounded the same in Egyptian, so ram deities were at times regarded as appearances of other gods.

Appearance[]

Typically, the horned god Banebdjedet was depicted with four rams' heads to represent the four Ba's of the sun god. He may also be linked to the first four gods to rule over Egypt (Usir, Geb, Shu and Atum-Ra), with large granite shrines to each in the Mendes sanctuary.


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